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Jaundice

Surgery

What is jaundice? Jaundice is a disorder that causes the skin and white parts of the eyes to turn a yellowish colour. It is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom of something happening. Jaundice occurs when there is an excess of bilirubin, a yellow compound which is formed by red blood cells breaking down in the body. What...

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Jaw joint (TMJ)

Oral & maxillofacial surgery

The jaw joint, known as temporomandibular joint (TMJ), is what allows people to open and close the mouth to chew, chew, speaking, breathing, yawning or gesture. This joint connects the bones of the skull and face is twofold, ie, one on each side of the head. Performs three types of movement up and down, forward, backward and both sides. The dental malocclusion, orthodontic appliances, stress and bad habits such as clenching or bite objects can alter the function of the...

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Joint injections

Orthopaedic surgery

Joint injections are a treatment against joint pain that involves the injection of anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics to improve joint mobility. It is a quick and simpletechnique,isminimally invasive, andproduces longer-lasting effects compared to those obtained through adrug administered orally or intramuscularly.

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Joint pain

Pain medicine

Joint pain is usually caused by diseases such as arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatism. This type of joint pain is thatof the musculoskeletal system and is often caused by inflammation due to internal bleeding in the joints, wearing of the joints, or a combination of both. The pain can affect the structures surrounding the joint, such as ligaments, bones, tendons, muscles, etc. Other symptoms of this type of pain are discomfort and fatigue in a particular area of ​​the body,...

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Joint preservation surgery

Orthopaedic surgery

What is joint preservation surgery? Joint preservation surgery covers a number of treatments that are an alternative option to joint replacement surgery. The aim of joint preservation surgery is to restore functionality to a joint so that it does not have to be replaced, or to delay the need to replace a joint. Joint preservation can be achieved through osteotomies (cuts to the bone) to allow...

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Joint replacement

Orthopaedic surgery

What is joint replacement? Joint replacement refers to one of a number of surgical procedures in which damaged or diseased parts of a joint are removed and artificial replacements are fitted. Joint replacement surgery can be performed on a number of joints in the body, most commonly the

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Juvenile arthritis

Rheumatology

What is juvenile arthritis? Juvenile arthritis, otherwise known as paediatric rheumatic disease, is a term used to describe a number of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that can develop in children. The tissue on the inside of the joints (synovium tissue) can become inflamed due to a fault with the autoimmune system, which usually protects the body, where the immune system attacks the synovium tissue.

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