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Nail diseases

Dermatology

What are nail diseases? Your nails can be an indicator of your general state of health, signalling problems and issues through discolouration and overall growth rate. Discolouration can be an indicator of kidney, heart and lung diseases, among other conditions. Therefore it is important to keep an eye on your nail health as their appearance can be an indicator of other pathologies. However,...

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Nanofat

Aesthetic medicine

Nanofat is a technique that is mainly used to remove dark circles under the eyes. It separates the stromal, a stem cell-rich material, from the fat, and injects it into the skin allowing more effective and lasting results. Thistechnique demonstrates the wide range of benefits of facial grease, which include reduction of dark circles, improvement of the appearance of face and neck, and skin regeneration.

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Narcolepsy

Neurology

What is narcolepsy? Narcolepsy is a neurological condition which affects your brain’s control over when you sleep. It’s a condition characterised by “sleep attacks” during the day, where you suddenly fall asleep without control. Narcolepsy is relatively rare, affecting just 1 in 2000 people, and affecting men and women equally. The cause is not clear, but it’s thought that narcolepsy can be triggered by puberty, menopause,...

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Nasal cancer

Oral & maxillofacial surgery

What is nose and sinus cancer? Nose and sinus cancer is a type of head and neck cancer concentrated in the nasal passages and sinuses. What are the symptoms of nose and sinus...

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Nasal deformity

Otolaryngology / ENT

What are nasal deformities? Nasal deformities are anomalies in the shape and/or function of the nose. They are relatively common and many are simply aesthetic issues that cause no symptoms, although many patients are unhappy with their appearance because of the shape of their nose. However, in some cases,...

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Nasal endoscopy

Otolaryngology / ENT

What is a nasal endoscopy? A nasal endoscopy is a multifunctional exploratory procedure performed at the otorhinolaryngologist’s clinic to examine the nose, neck and larynx. It is carried out using a flexible fibre-optic instrument with a cold light source, a camera and a monitor. This allows for an easy and direct exploration of cavities in the body that are normally difficult to see. What does a nasal endoscopy involve? A nasal endoscopy is performed...

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Nasal polyps

Otolaryngology / ENT

What are nasal polyps? Nasal polyps are semi-transparent growths that can form in any part of the sino-nasal mucosa. These are benign, but they may grow to the extent that they obstruct the nasal cavities. This condition is also called polypoid sinusitis. The polyps can develop at different sites in the cavities, but usually new ones develop further inwards, on the...

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Nasal septal perforation

Otolaryngology / ENT

What is a perforated nasal septum? The nose has two cavities which are separated by a septum. This is made from both bone and cartilage and is responsible for separating the nasal cavities and channelling airflow into the nose. A perforated septum described when a hole develops in the septum, which depending on the size of the hole can cause mild to extreme symptoms.

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Nasal trauma

Otolaryngology / ENT

Nasal injuries are injuries to the nose.

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Natural childbirth

Obstetrics & gynaecology

What is natural childbirth? A natural birth is one that occurs without the help of drugs such as an epidural. Some women with low risk pregnancies opt for this natural way of giving birth in order to avoid the possible risks that drugs can...

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