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CA 15-3

Clinical analysis, Internal medicine

What is analysed? CA 15-3 is a tumour marker that is analysed to measure the level of a protein called CA 15-3 in the blood. What does the result mean? The result indicates the concentration of CA 15-3 in the...

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CA 19-9

Clinical analysis, Internal medicine

What is analysed? CA 19-9 is a tumour marker that is analysed to measure the level of a protein called CA 19-9 in the blood. What does the result mean? The result indicates the concentration of CA 19-9 in the...

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CA-125

Clinical analysis, Internal medicine

What is itand what does it analyse? The CA-125 test measures the amount of a protein called CA-125 (cancer antigen 125) in a blood sample. This protein serves as a tumour marker. What is it used for? Ovarian cancer monitoring: This is the most common use of the test....

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Caesarean

Obstetrics & gynaecology

What is a caesarean? A caesarean (also referred to as caesarean section or C-section), is performed tosurgically remove an unborn baby born from its mother’s wombvia an incision through the mother's abdomen. In most cases, it is a safe procedure for both the mother and the baby. However, being a surgical procedure, it does involve the possible risks of any surgical...

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Calcitonin testing

Clinical analysis, Internal medicine

What is being analysed in calcitonin testing? Calcitonin is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland. The analysis focuses on measuring the level of calcitonin in the blood. What does the result signify? The result indicates the concentration of calcitonin in the...

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Calcium

Clinical analysis, Internal medicine

What is analysed? Calcium levels in the body are analysed to determine the concentration of this essential mineral in the bloodstream. Calcium is crucial for various physiological functions, including bone health, nerve transmission, and muscle function. What does the result...

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Calf Implants

Plastic surgery

What are calf implants? The aesthetics of your calves depend on the shape and size of the calf muscle, which can vary greatly from person to person. Calf implants are silicone prosthetics that adjust the calves by producing enhancements to volume and proportion, mimicking the shape of real calf muscle.

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Calprotectin

Clinical analysis, Internal medicine

What is being analysed? Calprotectin analysis involves the measurement of calprotectin levels in stool samples. Calprotectin is a protein released by neutrophils, a type of white blood cell, in response to inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. What does the result mean? The...

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Cancer

Medical oncology, Clinical oncology, Clinical genetics, Surgery, Haematology, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, GP (general practitioner)

Index: What is cancer? What are the different groups of cancer? What are the symptoms? What is cancer staging? What are the most common types of cancer? How is cancer treated? Are cancerous lumps hard or painful? Is...

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Cancer of unknown primary

Medical oncology, Clinical oncology

What is cancer of unknown primary? Cancers of unknown primary are when doctors find secondary cancer, i.e. cancer cells that have spread from another part of the body, but cannot find the original site of the cancer (the primary tumour). Cancer is caused when a cell mutates in such a way that it no longer does its job inside...

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