The most complete medical information written by the best doctors




What is tachycardia? Tachycardia (sometimes referred to as “tachyarrhythmia”) is when the heart beats faster than the normal resting rate. Tachycardia is expected in certain situations, such as while exercising or due to fear. However, abnormal...

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Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (broken heart syndrome)


What is takotsubo cardiomyopathy? Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, or “broken heart syndrome”, is a temporary heart condition caused generally by emotional stress. It occurs when the left ventricle weakens and stops pumping blood properly. What are the...

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Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR)

Plastic surgery

What is targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR)? Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) is a new technique for the management of neuroma and phantom pain in amputees. It is a procedure carried out under general or regional anaesthetic which aims to redirect the nerve ends in an amputated limb. Why is it carried out? Targeted...

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Targeted ultrasound

Aesthetic medicine , Dermatology , Diagnostic imaging

What is targeted ultrasound treatment? Targeted ultrasound treatment, also known as focused ultrasound, is an auto-regenerative technique used to achieve skin tightening and overall rejuvenation. Although it can be used for body treatments, it is specifically used as a treatment in aesthetic medicine or dermatology to improve aspects of the face, such as lifting the skin, improving tone and...

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Tarlov cyst

Surgery, Colorectal surgery, Neurosurgery, Orthopaedic surgery

What is a Tarlov cyst? Tarlov cysts (also known as perineural cysts) arefluid-filled sacs that form at the nerve root, usually in the sacral level of the spine (at the bottom of the spine). It’s possible to be affected by several cysts of different sizes at one time. People can unknowingly have Tarlov cyst(s). Spinal nerve roots are connected to the spinal sac - with spinal fluid circulating between the...

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Taste disorders

Otolaryngology / ENT, Paediatric otolaryngology

What are taste disorders? Taste disordersare those that result in an increase, decrease, absence or change in our sense of taste. Taste and smell are two senses that can be almost impossible to separate, so often these are referred to as smell and taste disorders. Common taste disorders include: Hypogeusia (loss or reduction in taste sense) Dysgeusia (having an abnormal...

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TAVI (transcatheter aortic valve implantation)

Cardiology, Cardiothoracic surgery, Pain medicine

What is TAVI? Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) , which is known as transcatheter aortic valve replacement or TAVR in the USA, is a modern innovative surgical technique to replace the aortic valve. The aortic valve opens when the heart pumps blood, but if it cannot open or close properly the heart is put under strain. For patients who cannot undergo open-heart surgery, TAVI allows surgeons to implant a specially designed aortic valve...

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Taxi driver medical

Cardiology, Nutrition & dietetics

What is a taxi driver medical? A taxi driver medical is a medical assessment that every taxi or private-hire driver must complete before being granted their licence. In addition, if a current driver has suffered any heart conditions previously, a taxi driver medical (heart test) is required before they are allowed to drive a taxi again.

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Tear trough filler


Tear trough filler is a treatment to remove the appearance of dark coloured lines beneath your eyes. The tear trough is the area between the lower eyelid and upper cheek where the tears often flow if you cry. Over time, these tear troughs can become darker, more shadowed, and longer in length, and can give the impression of being tired. A new treatment can remove the appearance...

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Teeth cleaning

Dentistry, Oral & maxillofacial surgery , Orthodontics

What is teeth cleaning? Teeth cleaning is an important part of oral hygiene and aims to prevent dental diseases from developing. During a teeth cleaning, the dental hygienist will remove accumulated plaque and tartar on the teeth. Why is teeth cleaning done? Dental hygiene is very important to avoid cavities and other oral diseases. Despite careful the daily care, it is important to have a teeth cleaning as they are more thorough and can refer you to a...

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